Cancer is a bitter indicator of socioeconomic development, as the latest global report of the International Agency for Research on Cancer shows. Their estimates calculate that in 2018 there will be 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths due to this disease on the planet. One in five men and one in six women in the world develop a tumor throughout their lives. And one in eight men and one in 11 women will die from the disease, but the outlook is brutally different by region.
Europe registers 23% of cases and 20% of deaths, with only 9% of the world population. America has 21% of the incidence and 14% of the deaths, with 13% of the inhabitants of the planet. Africa, with almost 500 million inhabitants more than Europe, does not reach 6% of the cases. “In more developed societies, life expectancy is higher and there is a higher incidence of cancer. In less developed countries they live less and die more from infectious causes [HIV / AIDS and malaria], “explains Rafael Marcos-Gragera, an epidemiologist at the Catalan Institute of Oncology.